How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay
Cause and effect papers are perfect for developing research and fact-checking skills. Also, cause and effect assignments make the authors apply analytical and critical thinking and use evidence to support their claims.
So, if you have some of the mentioned skills, congratulations - it will be much easier for you to write such an essay. And if you’re still working on those personal qualities and don’t know where to start, no worries! We’ll guide you on what is a cause and effect essay so you can boost your confidence and get down to work.
Like any academic task, a cause and effect essay should follow formal guidelines on structure, style, formatting, and tone. It should be based on facts and solid argumentation, so you want to put enough time and effort into research and logical development. The process is not as complicated as it sounds: keep reading a post from our essay writing services to find out how to craft an impressive paper.
What Is a Cause and Effect Essay
A cause and effect essay focuses on analyzing the reason behind something happening and exploring the consequences of the situation. In a way, this form of writing is similar to an argumentative essay. The author has to show the interrelationship between the subjects under discussion. For instance, one can answer the question "What factors exacerbate environmental issues?" or illustrate how poor eating habits influence our health.
To do this, one should engage in thorough research on the topic and understand the ins and outs of the given phenomenon. In other words, the author should become an expert in the matter before explaining it to the audience.
When structuring this type of essay, it is important to
- get your readers familiar with the subject;
- identify the causes and explore them in detail;
- address all the ensuing effects;
- provide sufficient arguments to prove each statement;
- summarize key points to leave a lasting impression.
Because of the intricate characteristics, cause and effect essays often discuss scientific subjects. Yet, the writer's task is to express complicated concepts and phenomena in a simple, easy-to-grasp manner. The readers should be able to satisfy their curiosity. Ideally, they should have no questions left after going through the essay.
Now that you understand what is a cause and effect essay, let's find out more about the corresponding outline.
Cause and Effect Essay Outline
"Why do I need an outline in the first place?" you might wonder. Well, every piece of writing should be logically organized so as not to confuse the reader. The cause and effect essay outline allows determining how to structure it in the most appealing way while adhering to academic requirements.
Suppose you get down to composing an essay without a plan. Even if it seems you've thought it through, your ideas might flow randomly. Some of your claims will look underdeveloped, while others will be misplaced. As a result, you'll spend extra time fixing all those problems, and it'll be too difficult to meet the requirements.
On the other hand, with an outline, you can spot structural inconsistencies right away. Besides, you can spare your effort: it's always easier to follow the existing directions than to come up with new ideas. Another benefit of the outline is that you can edit your paper without changing huge chunks of text. When you know you have to stick to a certain plan, the process goes smoothly and without a hassle.
Of course, you can start working on the cause and effect essay outline only after picking the topic. The peculiarities of the subject matter will influence the paper's structure. The outline includes the traditional paragraphs for the introduction and conclusion, but the essay's body may vary by student preferences. The body paragraphs can be structured using one of three different schemes. Yet still, the initial column represents the ideal manner by which to discuss claims.
- ~ Variant 1
- ~~ Cause 1
- ~~ Cause 2
- ~~~ Effect 1
- ~~~ Effect 2
- ~ Variant 2
- ~~ Cause 1
- ~~~Effect 1
- ~~ Cause 2
- ~~~ Effect 2
- ~ Variant 3
- ~~ Cause & Effect 1
- ~~ Cause & Effect 2
- ~~ Cause & Effect 3
Body Paragraph of a Cause and Effect Essay Body (Causes)
Normally, the student will need to address several causes of the problem introduced by their thesis statement. It shows teachers that they have successfully analyzed the issue from a variety of angles. They may single out a single reason as most important, discussing it first, then moving on to describe secondary issues. Do not make the mistake of forgetting that every individual paragraph must be focused around one key idea. Therefore, every distinct cause should be delegated to its own paragraph.
To develop and introduce your idea, try using a traditional format for paragraphs, containing:
- A topic sentence
- Conclusion sentence
This structure is critical to effective writing. It allows text to run in a smooth fashion and effectively convey an idea. Furthermore, it should be applied to present the causes and effects that are being discussed.
Body Paragraph of a Cause and Effect Essay (Effects)
When scribing a body paragraph whose focus is centered around effects, you need to ensure that a logical connection is made to the causes mentioned within. Focus specifically on the problem's direct consequences, with the message being clear to the audience. It helps keep claims coherent.
Introduce the effects you are to discuss with the topic sentence. It's a good idea to cite a series of reputable sources with thorough research to prove a point. Cite according to the required referencing formats, depending on the type of essay. This includes but is not limited to APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago, etc. Ensure that the necessary comments are made to explain key evidence and findings. Furthermore, it's essential to add one's own interpretation of the problem without just paraphrasing someone else's thoughts. For example, take note of the effects of addiction to social media and observe the expressions that can be potentially used in an essay.
Concluding Paragraph of a Cause and Effect Essay
A conclusion paragraph serves as the outro for a student's cause and effect essay structure. Although the thesis statement needs to be restated, it does not need to be directly copied. The goal is to remind readers of the general argument. See the below examples to observe what it means to restate a thesis:
Thesis: "The drawings of children are not just simple doodles; they show the kids' psychological concerns and state."
Restatement: "Drawings created by children provide insight into the condition of their emotions."
How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay Successfully in 5 Steps
To write a convincing cause and effect essay, one must demonstrate dedication, critical thinking skills, and sufficient organization.
Brainstorm Cause and Effect Essay Topics
First, begin by identifying suitable topics for the cause and effect essay. Several subjects of consideration include the development of ideas, cultural movements, and natural phenomena. The key tip for choosing cause and effect essay topics is to ensure that it enables the analytics and observation of the causal relationship.
Create a Thesis for your Cause and Effect Essay
For cause and effect essays, a thesis is a statement of either single or multiple relationships between cause and effect that will be discovered by the reader in the body paragraphs.
Develop Body Paragraphs: Cause and Effect Essay Body
In accordance with standards for cause and effect essay format, the body should consist of anywhere between 2-5 paragraphs. Each should explore a specific facet of the relationship between causes. The core idea must be developed to begin writing the body paragraphs.
Start Writing The Draft For Your Cause and Effect Essay
With the aid of the thesis and brainstormed ideas for the body paragraphs, start writing the draft for the cause and effect essay. In it, ensure that a logical idea flow is created with the aid of transitions, linking of all paragraphs back to the original thesis, and topic sentences. Lastly, always keep in mind the essay's purpose.
Review The Work Of Your Cause and Effect Essay
Often, writing a cause and effect essay first draft will require revisions. Questions to ask include:
- Is the point of view clear?
- Does every example highlight the relationship of subjects?
- Are the body paragraphs convincing and logical in form?
Video Guide on How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay
Cause and Effect Essay Topics
Topics for a cause and effect essay paper can be as diverse as the student desires, for cause and effect essays are suitable for all manners of subjects, including but not limited to history, sociology, technology, physics, languages, and arts, to name several. If students are free to choose their own cause and effect essay topics, they should begin by picking one that matters most and subsequently prove its relevance. In such a way, the interest of the subject matter will drive motivation to successfully complete the task. Several of the most popular topic examples suggested for cause and effect essays are divided by category as follows:
Cause and Effect Essay Topics for College Students
Topics for Education
- How does online schooling affect the academic performance of students
- What is the effect on educational outcomes for extended school days?
- How is the rate of dropouts influenced by standardized tests?
- How is student motivation affected by the general grading system?
- Why is learning so boring to the majority of the students?
- How is the effectiveness of learning influenced by the adoption of technology?
- How are the academic outcomes of students affected by sports and other extracurricular activities?
- What are the positive and negative outcomes of school uniforms?
- How is a student's future success affected by taking a "gap year"?
- What does learning fine arts do to affect students' learning in schools?
Topics for Politics
- What has resulted in a rise of democracy in the United States?
- What makes politicians choose their career path?
- What are the key outcomes of illegal immigration on society and the country as a whole?
- What are the core objectives that led to the British strategy of colonialism?
- How did the country benefit from colonialism?
- Which events specifically led to the American Revolution?
- What caused a rise in immigration rates?
- What are the potentially negative outcomes of legalizing drugs?
- What are the effects of poor leadership on behalf of politicians on the economy and the country?
- What are the specific impacts felt by the Affordable Care Act?
Topics for History
- How does the history of slavery still affect modern society?
- What are the main catalysts and outcomes of the American Civil War?
- Under what grounds what John F. Kennedy assassinated?
- What key reasons led to the collapse of the Soviet Union?
- How was the citizenry affected by the outcome of the Cuban Missile Crisis?
- What is the connection between the Roman Empire and the Rise of Christianity?
- What caused the pact between Stalin and Hitler?
- What caused the Arab Spring?
- Cause and effects of the witch trials in Salem?
- What were the outcomes of the attack on Pearl Harbor?
Cause and Effect Essay Examples
The following cause and effect essay example from our business essay writing service is designed to illustrate how the basic foundations play out in practice.
Social media can be defined as the online platform used by people to build social relationships and networks with others who have the same personal interests, backgrounds, activities, or real-life connections (Moreno et al. p 242). Social media has significantly impacted on real-life communication among different people a clear indication that it's part of people’s life. The advancement in technology has pressure people to accept the different types of lifestyles. Social media platforms enable users to communicate, share ideas, and created web content. With technological innovations on the development of smartphones and computers that can be used to access the internet easily, many people are now using social media such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram to communicate regardless of their location (Turcotte et al. p 520).
Globalization is one of the critical factors that has led to a change in the world economy. In the past persons used to do batter trade and they needed to travel long distances so that they can exchange their goods and services. One of the significant causes of globalization is modern technology, innovations in the sector have led to critical changes in communication and in the way people do travel and work (Lane &Mark E, 3-25). Mobile phones services and the internet enable organizations and individuals to exchange ideas, persons, and business organizations all over the world are interconnected. Through technology, there has been digitalization, which has changed the way business organizations work, how they deliver their goods and services, and how they associate with their customers.
Read also our article on synthesis paper, one of the most fascinating types of essays.
To Sum Up
Writing a well-structured cause and effect essay requires substantial organization before even getting started. The student should clearly state the reasons behind a key problem and discuss outcomes. Despite the fact that the outline may include some variations in body paragraphs, the introduction should be compelling and the conclusion thoughtful. Any problem, situation, or event has reasons and impact in good cause and effect essay.
Readers must be able to understand the relations of phenomena and events by being able to understand the solution and/or prevent particular outcomes that are not desired. For such reason, essays in the category of cause and effect serve as exceptional exercises as they allow them to investigate particular issues of such scope. The purpose of any essay determines its structure and format. Approaches to informative essays are entirely different in comparison to approaches needed for cause and effect essays, for example. In this case, a situation or event must be examined to answer the how and why of the story.
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