Argumentative Essay: How to write, Outline, and Tips

How to Write an Argumentative Essay
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Argumentative essays demand a clear and convincing presentation of your stance on a particular issue. This guide will equip you with the key steps to writing them effectively:

  1. Formulate a thesis outlining your central argument.
  2. Gather evidence that supports your claim.
  3. Acknowledge opposing views to demonstrate the strength of your position.
  4. Construct your argument, each focusing on a single point supported by evidence.
  5. Deliver a conclusion and reiterate the significance of your thesis.

With the help of our argumentative essay writer, you'll learn how to organize your ideas, support your points, and see examples that make your argumentative essay strong and impressive. 

What Is an Argumentative Essay

An argumentative essay is a type of academic writing that presents a clear position or stance on a specific issue and supports it with evidence and reasoning. The main components of an argumentative essay include:

  1. A clear thesis statement outlining the writer's position
  2. Introduction of the topic and its relevance
  3. Body paragraphs presenting arguments and evidence supporting the thesis
  4. Consideration and refutation of counterarguments
  5. A conclusion that reinforces the main points and restates the thesis

The purpose of an argumentative essay is to convince the reader of the validity of the writer's viewpoint through logical arguments and credible evidence. It requires critical thinking, research skills, and the ability to organize ideas coherently.

Argumentative Essay Examples

These examples show how clear arguments and solid facts can make a big impact. If you need a custom essay, try our research paper help.

Argumentative Essay Example

Art for Activism
Art for Activism
Video Games
Video Games

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How to Start an Argumentative Essay

When writing an argumentative essay, start by setting the context and reviewing the topic generally. Then, explain why the topic matters or why readers should care. Finally, present your thesis statement. For more essay writing help, check out this example breakdown.

  • Hook: Studies reveal that standardized tests can perpetuate social inequalities in education. 
  • Background: These exams aim to measure student achievement, but critics argue they disadvantage certain demographics. 
  • Exigence: If left unaddressed, this issue can hinder educational equity and limit opportunities for many students.
  • Thesis Statement: Therefore, a multifaceted approach to student assessment that considers diverse learning styles and backgrounds is essential for a fairer and more effective education system.

Elements of an Argumentative Essay

Following the introduction, the body paragraphs of your essay will be where you truly build your case. Here's a breakdown of the key elements that make up each paragraph:

  • Claim: This is your specific stance on a subtopic related to your overall thesis. It should be a clear and concise statement that narrows down the broader issue.
  • Reasons: These are the logical justifications for your claim. Think of them as the "because" behind your position. Why is your claim valid, and why should the reader accept it?
  • Evidence: This is the data that strengthens your reasons. It can come in various forms like:some text
    • Facts: Objective and verifiable information that supports your claim.
    • Statistics: Numerical data presented in a clear and relevant way.
    • Quotes: Statements from credible experts or authorities that add weight to your argument.
    • Examples: Real-world scenarios that illustrate your points.
  • Counterclaim:  This acknowledges opposing viewpoints to your claim. It demonstrates fairness and strengthens your argument by pre-emptively addressing potential objections. Briefly explain the reasoning behind the counterclaim.
  • Rebuttal: Here's where you counter the opposing viewpoint. Explain why your reasons and evidence outweigh the counterclaim. You can weaken the counterclaim by pointing out logical flaws, providing opposing evidence, or explaining how your argument offers a more comprehensive solution.

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argumentative essay outline

Argumentative Essay Outline

This detailed outline for argumentative essay will guide you through the writing process:

I. Introduction 🎓
Hook 🎣 Grab the reader's attention with a surprising statistic, a thought-provoking question, or a relevant anecdote. "Did you know that standardized tests can perpetuate social inequalities in education?"
Background 📚 Briefly introduce the topic, providing context for the reader. "Standardized tests aim to measure student achievement, but some argue they disadvantage certain demographics."
Exigence ❗ Explain why this topic is important. What are the potential consequences of not considering your argument? "If left unaddressed, this issue can hinder educational equity and limit opportunities for many students."
Thesis Statement 📝 Clearly articulate your central claim in a concise sentence. "Therefore, a multifaceted approach to student assessment, that considers diverse learning styles and backgrounds, is essential for a fairer and more effective education system."
II. Body Paragraphs 📚
Dedicate one paragraph to each sub-claim that supports your thesis
Claim 🗣️ A specific stance on a sub-topic related to your overall thesis. "Standardized tests rely heavily on rote memorization and test-taking skills, failing to capture a student's true understanding of the subject."
Reasons 🤔 Logical justifications for your claim, explaining why it's valid. "These exams often focus on isolated facts and figures, neglecting a student's ability to critically analyze information and solve problems."
Evidence 📊 Data that strengthens your reasons (facts, statistics, quotes, or examples). "A study by the National Center for Fair and Open Testing found that standardized test scores had a lower correlation with college success compared to a student's high school GPA."
Counterclaim 🔄 Briefly acknowledge an opposing viewpoint. "Supporters of standardized tests might argue they provide a standardized measure for comparing student performance across different schools."
Rebuttal 💬 Explain why your reasons and evidence outweigh the counterclaim. “While standardization has its merits, it can disadvantage students from diverse educational backgrounds or with different learning styles. A more holistic approach that considers multiple factors can offer a fairer and more comprehensive assessment.”
III. Reiterate Your Argument 🔄
1. This can be a separate paragraph or incorporated into the conclusion
2. Briefly summarize the key points you've made throughout the essay.
IV. Conclusion 🏁
1. Restate your thesis statement in a powerful way, emphasizing its significance. "By implementing a multifaceted assessment system that values diverse learning styles and critical thinking skills, we can ensure a more equitable and effective education system for all students."
2. Project the broader implications of your argument.
3. End with a call to action or a thought-provoking statement that leaves a lasting impression on the reader

How to Write an Argumentative Essay: The Writing Process

While the core writing process remains similar for various essay types, writing an argumentative essay requires a more focused approach. Here are the key stages:

1. Brainstorming and Thesis Development: If your assignment doesn't provide a specific topic, take time to explore potential subjects that ignite your interest and meet the criteria discussed earlier (relevance, depth). Once you have a potential topic, use the previously mentioned guidelines to develop a strong and concise thesis statement. 

2. Research and Outlining: Conduct thorough research, consulting credible sources like academic journals, reputable news outlets, and government websites. As you accumulate evidence, determine where to integrate your evidence and plan how you'll address opposing viewpoints.

3. Drafting: With a solid foundation of research and a clear outline, start writing your rough draft. Unlike other essay formats, including data and direct quotes early in the drafting process can be particularly helpful for argumentative essays. 

4. Revising and Editing: After completing your rough draft, focus on refining your language. Double-check the effectiveness of your rebuttals and ensure all your points are well-supported.

5. Proofreading and Final Touches: Once you're satisfied with the overall structure and content of your argumentative essay, meticulously proofread your work.

To learn about how to write persuasive essay, check out our dedicated article. 

Argumentative Essay Structure

While the standard five-paragraph essay is a solid foundation, some arguments demand a more nuanced approach. Here are three major formats to consider:

Argumentative Essay Structure

Aristotelian (Classic)

The Aristotelian argumentative essay structure is great for clear and direct arguments, using credibility (ethos), emotion (pathos), and logic (logos). It follows a simple format:

  1. Introduce the problem.
  2. Explain your perspective.
  3. Present the opponent's perspective and refute their points.
  4. Present your evidence.
  5. Conclude your argument.


The Toulmin structure of an argumentative essay is excellent for deep analysis and logical arguments. It includes six key parts that you can organize as needed:

  1. Claim: Your thesis or argument.
  2. Reasons: Your evidence and facts.
  3. Warrant: The link between your claim and reasons, stating assumptions clearly.
  4. Backing: Additional support for your claim.
  5. Qualifier: Limits to your claim, including concessions.
  6. Rebuttal: Addressing opposing viewpoints and criticisms.


The Rogerian method aims for a balanced approach, acknowledging both your thesis and the opposing viewpoint. It's respectful and non-confrontational, which helps in persuading readers who might be biased against your claim. This structure will help you understand how to write a thesis statement for an argumentative essay:

  1. Introduce the problem.
  2. Explain the opponent's perspective and validate correct points.
  3. Explain your perspective.
  4. Find common ground where both views coexist.
  5. Conclude your balanced argument.

To learn how to write an explanatory essay, see its proper structure and writing steps in our separate guide. 

Argumentative Essay Topics

Having explored effective structures for creating your argument, it's time to select unique argumentative essay topics. Here are some key considerations:

  • Choose an interesting topic that will fuel your research and writing, making the process more engaging.
  • Select a topic with contemporary relevance. Is it an issue currently debated in society or academia?
  • Ensure your chosen topic offers enough depth for exploration. A well-developed argument requires sufficient evidence and analysis.


  • Should historical monuments that celebrate controversial figures be removed?
  • Is factory farming ethical in the modern world?
  • Should colonizing Mars be a priority for humanity?
  • Can art be a form of activism and social change?
  • Should standardized testing be abolished in favor of alternative assessment methods?
  • Is the concept of a "hustle culture" detrimental to employee well-being?

For more intriguing ideas, check out our extensive list of argumentative essay topics.


So there you have it! This guide showed you how to write a strong argumentative essay. We discussed choosing a topic, using facts, and writing clearly. If you need extra push, use our dissertation writing services to create essays that engage and persuade your readers!


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Daniel Parker

Daniel Parker

is a seasoned educational writer focusing on scholarship guidance, research papers, and various forms of academic essays including reflective and narrative essays. His expertise also extends to detailed case studies. A scholar with a background in English Literature and Education, Daniel’s work on EssayPro blog aims to support students in achieving academic excellence and securing scholarships. His hobbies include reading classic literature and participating in academic forums.

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  • Updated writing steps, structure, outline
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