Research papers find their way into your curriculum around 12th grade. Some schools even have a designated research class, where the entire school year is dedicated to writing a single research paper.
In this entry, we will learn what is a research paper and how to write a research paper step by step. We will also present a list of exciting topics.
- Topics To Help You Get Started
- Research Process
- Research Paper Outline
- Writing Process
- Writing The Draft
- Proofreading and Editing
- Final Checklist
- How to Get a Qualified Writing Help
What Is a Research Paper?
So what is a research paper? This paper is based heavily on in-depth research and analysis; the ability to document information and proposing original, useful insights on the research matter.
Comparing to a regular essay, writing a research paper requires thinking out of the box, being open to experiments and analyzing the results. Use its main features as tips for writing a research paper:
- a research paper is usually longer than other written assignments;
- the paper is based on extensive research of a particular problem;
- your insights should be based on your experiments and thought, but you are allowed to use literature references;
- usually, a writer supposed to find in a research process some novel solution or approach;
- support the information with evidence like your experimental studies, samples, and documents.
What is the purpose of a research paper you may ask? It shows your view on things you found through the research process.
How to Start a Research Paper?
Of course, you need to pick a topic in the first place. To not get bored during further research, try to choose a topic that is interesting and challenging for you. In my 12th-grade research class, most people picked boring themes. As a result, they had a hard time finding the motivation to study. Also, it might be evident to your teacher through the text how much enthusiasm and an effort you put into research.
It would be more comfortable and more productive for you to analyze a narrow subject. The example of a closed topic is “Complications caused by chickenpox” and the wide one is “Children diseases”.
Try not to overrate yourself and choose a topic you can manage. It’s always better to make in-depth research of an obvious what the first sight topic then pick a technical one and fail it.
Search for sources to make sure you have materials to work with. Make notes for further research.
Topics To Help You Get Started
Choosing a topic is all in the brainstorming. Typically, a professor will give you up to a week to explore all the possibilities of what you could write about.
It is entirely reasonable to change your topic. Most students go through about ten before settling on their favorite one.
Here is a list of interesting research paper topics which could be relevant today:
- Life outside the solar system
- Exploring exorcism in the modern church.
- Article 13 and Article 11: the EU meme ban.
- History of animal testing.
- How cybersecurity works.
- Is there life on Mars?
- Explore a law which you would change.
- Sports betting: is it gambling?
- History of the computer.
- History of slavery.
The most common topics are relevant social, political, cultural or technological issues. If you want to see more of those, we have a separate research paper topics post.
After you have chosen a topic, it’s time to turn your ideas into a well-written research paper! However, you must first do some critical research.
Preparation is vital before writing a research paper.
Most of your analysis, your conclusions, your understanding, formulating your point will come during the research stage.
The research stage is divided into two main subcategories: Selecting Sources and Documenting Information.
After you have chosen the topic, it is essential to find the information you can rely on. To do this, you will have access to a variety of academic sources.
- Your instructor will point you towards the school library first thing. Libraries have catalogs of rare books from different fields of study. They could be an excellent place to find primary sources for your paper.
Primary and Secondary Sources
- Primary sources are trusted sources like books or statistics from a .gov website. Real life surveys are also primary sources. In contrast, online articles or YouTube channels are secondary sources.
Academic Journals & Other Documents
- Academic Journals like JSTOR and Google Scholar are advantageous sources. Just type your search (for example Life on Mars), and they give you every academic document that has ever mentioned this term. If your library lacks the primary sources you need for your paper - academic journals are the way to go.
Research Paper Sources, from EssayPro
Once you have selected the bulk of your sources, skim through them and keep the useful ones. The next stage will be reading and documenting information.
The next step is to group the primary and secondary sources. You may order them from most to least critical. You may also place them in a logical order of arguments in your research paper.
Lots of papers focus on a few primary sources as the main point of inspiration. That works if the paper attempts to expand on a previously explored theory or concept.
Some excellent ways to group and keep track of information are Note and Bibliography cards.
- Note Cards
Note Cards help you keep track of information from your sources. Take a note card, and write down relevant information on the front, with the source number on the back. This will help you with organizing your facts and writing your paper later.
- Bibliography Cards
Bibliography cards help you keep track of your sources. Write down your source on them in MLA format and number them for reference. Put source numbers on your note cards, so you know which source every note is from.
- Organizing System
Use these note cards to organize your paper. Place them in order of importance relative to your research paper outline and the points you wish to make.
Don’t let sources organize your research paper for you. Organize your paper based on your arguments and research.
Research Paper Outline
Once you are done with all of the above, let’s get right into how to write an outline for a research paper. The outline consists of the following:
- Title Page: the title of the paper, the name of the author, name of your school or college, and date of submission.
- The Abstract: a summary of the paper in about 250 words.
- Introduction. Relevant background information, a definition of technical terms. A research paper introduction tells the reader how the paper will be organized.
- Body Paragraphs: the build of your essay; summarizing, analyzing, explaining, evaluating sources.
- Conclusion. A summary of your argument, explaining the significance of your research. Also, return to the introduction, and plan for further research.
Research Paper Outline Template
A research paper outline looks like this:
Research Paper Outline Template, from EssayPro
Now that we know how to structure a research paper let’s go into detail on how to write a research paper.
The research paper introduction is where you hook the reader and give them background information to help understand your topic. Also, explain the significance of your topic and why you chose it.
Big research papers like Darwin’s Origin of Species, outline every section of the paper with topic sentences in their introduction.
Find any famous research paper, and read the introductory paragraph. It will give you a good idea of how to start a research paper.
Before reading the rest of your paper, the audience needs to know the central argument, idea, or purpose. In other words: the thesis statement. In a research paper, thesis statements can be up to a paragraph or a page long.
In a research paper, the thesis is a declaration of your arguments. It shows how you will about obtain information and select sources. It is fundamentally necessary that the audience knows why you have chosen a specific topic and point of view.
Frequently, students, write the thesis statement last. It is a good practice because after writing the paper; the thesis comes to mind much more natural.
The next step to writing a research paper is unleashing your arguments and sources in the body paragraphs.
Body paragraphs are where you summarize, analyze, and evaluate published work. Body paragraphs follow this format:
Topic sentence. The main argument you will discuss in this section of the paper.
Source information. Explaining how primary and secondary sources give validity to your argument. Summarize each source if necessary.
Conclusion. Wrap the paragraph together, offer final thoughts, and move on to the next point of your essay.
If you have done the note cards correctly, body paragraphs will be super easy. A little preparation goes a long way!
The last step to writing a research paper is making a reasonable conclusion paragraph. A research paper conclusion is the “Say what you have said” section of your work.
Here, you re-summarize the main arguments and sources. Once again, you must explain the importance of your research; how it contributes fresh ideas to your area of study.
Finally, leave your audience with a sense of completion. Wrap your paper up, and offer final comments or thoughts. Leave the reader looking hopefully towards the future.
Writing The Draft
After collecting sources and writing an outline, the first draft should come easy.
Here are a few steps to help you write the first draft:
- Refresh your memory by reading your note cards.
- Write off the note cards. Paraphrase, quote, or expand on the notes you have taken.
- Write summaries and explanations; brainstorm using note cards. Remember: this is your first draft! It doesn’t have to be perfect.
- At the end of each reference, quote, or statistic, write down the source. The source should already be written on your note card.
- Repeat for every section of the essay. Write body paragraphs before the introduction or conclusion.
And voila! You have a first draft ready for editing.*
As we have said before, you’ll spend most of the time doing research. Writing the first draft should be quick, as you will merely synthesize the information you’ve already learned.
When you’re writing, remember to offer your original ideas and insights into the topic. You don’t want to be paraphrasing other people’s work merely.
Research papers are all about fresh ideas.
Proofreading and Editing
The real magic of writing research papers lies in the editing process.
It is often best to write the first draft early so that you have several weeks left for editing. You are guaranteed to stumble on useful information and be inspired to add it to your paper.
The rule of thumb is to re-read your draft every few days and see if it reads naturally. Give it to your parents or peers, and ask them if the paper is exciting and straightforward.
Revising your draft means checking for a logical flow of ideas, analyzing the coherence and in-depth examinations in body paragraphs, and seeing whether the conclusion is valid.
It also means checking for grammar, and seeing whether you presented the essay in simple, understandable language. There are websites where you can check for grammar, clarity of writing and plagiarism like Grammarly, Hemingway Editor, etc.
It’s time to go down the checklist to make sure you haven’t missed anything.
- Does my paper fully support the thesis statement?
- Does my paper adhere to my original outline?
- Did I present my arguments in the best possible logical sequence?
- Did I cite all my sources in MLA format?
- I gave personal insight into the information and statistics presented in my sources.
- Did I make my intentions clear in the introduction of the essay?
- Does the conclusion give the paper a sense of completeness?
We hope you have found this guide useful and you can now write a good research paper! With this knowledge, you can write a research paper and have fun doing it!
Research Paper Examples
As in every one of our blogs, we offer free research paper examples to help you with your writing.
Expert writers wrote these examples in the academic field. Feel free to download them and use them for reference.
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