Students who study Computer Science should know what IEEE citation refers to. No matter whether you study Information Technologies, Programming, or Web Communication, you will need to master this format. This article will teach you how to cite academic assignments using IEEE format and provide some overall writing recommendations. If you’ve got any special demands, our professional paper writing service will answer all your questions in the shape of awesome IEEE papers written from scratch.
- What Is IEEE Citation Format?
- How to Cite in IEEE Format?
- Creating an IEEE Citation
- Developing IEEE Reference
- IEEE Citation Example
- Reasons to Format Papers
What Is IEEE Citation Format?
The Institute for Electrical & Electronics Engineers is a professional organization supporting various fields of engineering and IT. IEEE has established its own writing style manual to let the students and professionals in these areas organize their works. IEEE format is made up of 2 critical elements:
- In-text citations (direct & indirect)
- References (Works Cited in MLA)
In-text citations are short quotations taken from primary or secondary sources. They are numbered in square brackets. Every number next to the citation identifies the complete citation listed in the Works Cited list or bibliography page. In APA citation format they call it References. The list of references appears in numerical order. The IEEE Editorial Style Manual is lengthy. That is why we recommend using our brief student’s guide.
How to Cite in IEEE Format?
Every reference has a corresponding IEEE citation within the main body of the essay or research paper. What is the difference between a direct and an indirect in-text citation? A direct citation duplicates the original quote while an indirect one is the same idea paraphrased by the writer.
Each time a writer adds a citation, they should insert a number within square brackets making it possible to find the complete reference on the References page. The references page should be a separate piece of paper.
The full IEEE format reference must include all the necessary information to help the reader find more details about the studied topic:
- Author’s surname & initials
- The full title of the work
- Place of publication
- Date of publication
Some smaller details like page number, issue, or volume (if available)
Before each reference, a corresponding number should show up.
Creating an IEEE Citation
In-text citing should not necessarily contain a writer’s name, quoted pages, or date of publication. You may mention the source using numbers in a bracket like this: [x], where “x” is the number of the quote. It should match the complete citation in the bibliography.
Insert in-text quotations to support your arguments within the body of the essay, before any punctuation, with a space before the opening bracket.
Number each source in the order they show up during the process. After referring to a source and assigning a number to it, go on using that number each time you quote that source in the text.
Remember: if you cite numerous sources at the same time, the preferred approach is to provide every number separately, in its brackets with the help of a comma or dash between numbers. Example: , ,  or  - .
Most experts recommend following the guidelines form the Murdoch University’s IEEE Style LibGuide. Check the examples of in-text citations from the guide:
- “…the best conclusion for my study .”
- “This hypothesis was initially offered in 1978 .”
- “Muniz  has argued that…”
- “The previous investigations of the topic , , ,  have shown that…”
- “Image  will illustrate it best of all.”
Developing IEEE References Page
In IEEE, a page with the full bibliography is called a References page / Reference List. It appears at the end of the project. The goal of the reference list is to offer complete citations for every source used to describe the in-text citation. Add the references in numerical sequence (one-by-one after the 1st citation), and do not forget to include the bracketed number at the beginning of every reference.
The title should be References. Place it in the center or align left at the top of the page.
Come up with a hanging indent for every reference with the numbers in brackets flush with the left side. It identifies the numerical order of the references.
List the writer’s name as the initial, surname like in the example: James Lee Monroe would be cited as J. L. Monroe.
The title of the cited source (book, newspaper, magazine, article, website) must appear in quotation marks.
The title of work must appear in italics.
Where to Find IEEE Citation Example (with Samples)
IEEE updates its manual of writing style regularly. That is why it is essential to keep in touch with their official website and watch every change made to the vital format elements:
- Section Headings
- Numbers, equations
- How to cite and style references
Three rules remain stable despite the new editions.
Direct quotation. Place verbatim text from another source in quotation marks. Add a quotation to the original source; rewrite or summarize; and come up with a citation when restating or making a summary of information from another source, including ideas, research, claims, or verdicts.
Data, findings, graphics, & tables. Cite the original work while referring to, adapting, or taking any data from another source.
Explore the example of IEEE citation reference page to undersatnd the way this section should look (the examples are provided for the online sources):
 V. Gibson. (2015, Nov.) Cache array routing protocol v1.1. Web draft. [Online]. Available: [full link]
 P. L. Lorenz and M. Killer. (2014, Jul.) The hyper-ref.sty package. [Online]. Available: [full link]
 T. Freeman. (2016, Oct.) Optimal partition of SSD drive on Mac. Dept. Elect. Eng., Technion. Haifa, Israel. [Online] Available: [full link]
Why Citing is Important for Your Academic Performance
Some students and young writers do not get the point of citing. Citing sources properly is necessary for several reasons:
Formatting weighs something around 10-15% of the final grade per paper;
Plagiarism is unacceptable in the academic world, and incorrect referencing equals to plagiarism;
It is unethical to steal the words of other people as intellectual property is no less valuable than physical assets;
Full references help people to go on with their research, and this way humanity learns more about a specific problem.
Don’t count on the highest grade without having the sources properly cited.
IEEE has a special definition of the plagiarism. The organization believes it is the usage of another’s ideas, opinions, research findings, or words without acknowledging the original writer and source. Plagiarism is a severe breach of professional conduct. It involves serious ethical & legal outcomes in most situations. Imagine someone would use your words one day when you’ll become a famous writer or scientist. How would you feel?
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